Wellness - body care - health
A history from the cure to wellness
Wellness is not a modern phenomena but instead has been practised for more than 5,000 years in a diverse mixture of forms and variations all over the world. Austria has a long tradition in the culture of baths, cures and wellness. You are booking a wellness holiday at Hotel Post in Bezau today, but do you know the historical contexts and development of Austrian wellness culture?
We have summarised the most important information about wellness for you.
Wellness: Origin & history
Long before the Egyptians and the Romans, Indians developed classic Ayurveda treatments 3,000 years before Christ. The goal then was also the deep relaxation of body and soul - the predecessor to many well-known wellness treatments.
800 years before Christ
The high culture of the ancient Greeks has passed down a great deal to us about the living culture and body care of that time. Regular visits to bathhouses and thermal springs were a matter of course.
700 years before Christ
The first book about Ayurvedic treatments and medicine was written by the doctor Chakara.
460 years before Christ
Hippocrates not only established medicine as a science, he also concerned himself intensely with the increasing of the level of comfort for the health. During this time, the most famous healing bath of Antiquity was established in Epidaurus. Even at that time, this healing bath featured athletic facilities as well as places to lie down for recuperation; a prototype for the bathhouses of the last century.
200 years before Christ
The Roman built many public baths and these were used not only for cleaning but also to increase one’s level of comfort. The Roman bathhouses featured very sophisticated technology. Wellness facilities for up to 1,000 people were constructed. These facilities were decorated with sumptuous mosaics and the visitors were offered the choice between a tepidarium, caladarium or frigidarium. This wellness concept of the Roman existed not only in Italy; it was also exported to the provinces such as Germany, France and England.
1098 to 1179 A.D.
In the Middle Ages, excessive body care and the baths were even scorned as immortal. No more than one bath per year should be enjoyed.
12th to 13th century A.D.
The crusaders returned from the war in the holy land and brought the bathing rituals of the Arabian countries with them that had been forgotten since the fall of the Roman Empire. Small “bathhouses” soon returned to the cities. These featured wooden tubs and buckets with hot water as well as aromatic herb essences.
14th to 18th century A.D.
The plague brought an abrupt end to bathing culture. Bathing was stopped due to fear of infection and body care was strictly limited. Nevertheless, the therapeutic benefits of water were praised and mud baths or mineral baths were prescribed to sooth rheumatic complaints.
18th to 19th century A.D.
In England, it was known that bathing is a healthy pratice. In 1789, a noble patient was prescribed a bath in the Baltic Sea. In order to create a suitable infrastructure for these baths, Heiligendamm was built as the first seaside resort.
1798 to 1856 A.D.
The Austrian Johann Schroth conceived a diet reduced in energy and fat. This form of nutrition is based on three basic principles: an early morning poultice, strict diet and switching between drinking and dry days. Austria increasingly became the forerunner for cures and baths.
1821 to 1898 A.D.
Father Sebastian Kneipp developed water cures and recognised the relationship between nutrition, mental and spiritual condition and physical well being.
Doctor Halbert L. Dunn propagated the wellness concept and is often deemed the father of the term wellness. This is a combination of well being, fitness and happiness. The focus is the harmony of body, soul and mind.
1970 – 1979
The fitness movement in the USA is in full swing and is now brought to Europe. Notions of cure, fitness and beauty are developed into a holistic concept. Western medicine begins to engage Ayurveda treatments.
1980 - through today
New wellness concepts are continuously developed and the health aspect becomes increasingly important. In addition, the focus is increasingly placed on beauty and cosmetic offers. The tourism industry recognises the opportunities offered by wellness and cure businesses. Many hotels add wellness facilities and the first beauty spas in hotels are opened. Hotel Post in Bezau became one of the first wellness hotels in Austria in the 1970s. The former sports hotel received a cure section and an indoor pool, followed by a tennis court.
The birth of the Susanne Kaufmann Spa in Hotel Post Bezau. It features a spectacular design in puristic white. From then on, it has inspired through a combination of traditional treatment techniques, TCM detox regimens, natural anti-aging concepts and the effective, natural cosmetic products by Susanne Kaufmann. The cosmetics line Susanne Kaufmann organic treats has been celebrated worldwide for over 10 years thanks to its authentic and natural nature.
Book your wellness holiday today at Hotel Post in Bezau and discover the wellness treatment inspired by the most up-to-date health science as well as beauty treatments with the natural cosmetic products organic treats.